IELTS General Training Reading: Cambridge 12 Test 5 Section 3; A short historical past of automata; with high options and finest explanations


This General Training IELTS Reading publish focuses on options to IELTS Cambridge 12 Reading Test 5 Section 3 that has a passage titled A brief history of automata’. This is a focused publish for GT IELTS candidates who’ve large issues discovering out and understanding Reading Answers within the GT module. This publish can information you one of the best to grasp each Reading reply with out a lot hassle. Finding out IELTS Reading solutions is a gentle course of, and this publish will help you on this respect.

IELTS Cambridge 12 Test 5: GT Reading Module

Section 3: Question 28-40

The headline of the passage: A short historical past of automata

 Questions 28-30:  Summary completion

[In this kind of questions candidates are given a summary for one, two or three paragraphs with some fill in the blanks questions. Candidates need to find out the related paragraphs by correctly studying the keywords from the questions. Then, they should follow the steps of finding answers to fill in the gaps.]

Title of the abstract: Automata and the traditional Greeks

Question 28: The historic Greeks had quite a few ________ regarding automata. According to at least one, the god Hephaestus created two assistants fabricated from gold.   

Keywords for this query: historic Greeks, quite a few, regarding automata, god Hephaestus, created, two assistants, gold,

In paragraph no. 1, check out traces 3-6, “ . .. . . Several myths show that the ancient Greeks were interested in the creation of automata. In one, Hephaestus, the god of all mechanical arts, was reputed to have made two female statues of pure gold which assisted him and accompanied him wherever he went. … .. .”   

Here, a number of = quite a few, within the creation of automata = regarding automata,

So, the reply is: myths

Question 29: The Greeks most likely additionally created actual automata; it appears most certainly that the mechanism which managed them consisted of ________ which had been labored by human operators.

Keywords for this query: Greeks, most likely, additionally created, actual automata, most certainly, mechanism, managed them, consisted of, human operators,   

In traces 6-8 of paragraph no. 1, the author of the textual content says, “ … . .. . As well as giving automata a place in mythology, the Greek almost certainly created some. There were probably activated by levers and powered by human action, although there are descriptions of steam and water being used as sources of power. . .. ..”

Here, the Greek nearly definitely created some = The Greeks most likely additionally created actual automata, most likely = largely probably, activated by = managed them consisted of, powered by human motion = labored by human operators,

So, the reply is: levers

Question 30: Some automata had been designed to be _________ with an academic objective.  

Keywords for this query: some automata, designed to be, with, instructional objective,  

The last traces of paragraph no. 1 say, “ . . .. . .. . Automata were sometimes intended as toys, or as tools for demonstrating basic scientific principles.”

Here, meant = designed to be, for demonstrating fundamental scientific rules = with an academic objective,

So, the reply is: instruments  

Questions 31-35:  Matching statements with checklist of individuals

[In this type of question, candidates need to relate statements that are given by or links to people in the passage. The rules for finding answers to this sort of question are simple. Just find the name of the person and read around it carefully. Then, give a quick look to check whether there is another statement or idea provided by the same person in the text. If there is, check the reference carefully and decide your answer. Remember, the questions may not follow any sequential order.]

Question 31: created an automation that represented a chook in water, interacting with its environment   

Keywords for this query: created, automation, represented, chook in water, interacting with, environment,

We discover reference to ‘a bird in water which interacts with its surroundings’ in paragraph no. 6. Let’s learn it.

“In another well-known piece, Merlin’s sliver swan made in 1773, the swan sits in a stream consisting of glass rods where small silver fish are swimming. When the clockwork is wound, a music box plays and the glass rods rotate, giving the impression of a flowing stream. The swan turns its head from side to side. It soon notices the fish and bends down to catch and eat one, then raises its head to the upright position. The mechanism still works.”

Here, sliver swan … sits in a stream = a chook in water,

So, the reply is: F (Merlin)

Question 32: created an automation that carried out on a musical instrument

Keywords for this query: created, automation, carried out on, musical instrument,  

The reply lies in paragraph no. 5. Here, check out traces 6-9, “  . .. . . Vaucanson produced a duck made of gilded copper which ate, drank and quacked like a real duck. He also made a life-size female flute player. Air passes through the complex mechanism, causing the lips and fingers of the player to move naturally on the flute, opening and closing holes on it. This automation had a repertoire of twelve tunes.”

Here, feminine flute participant = automation that carried out on a musical instrument,

So, the reply is: E (Vaucanson)

Question 33: produced paperwork about methods to create automata

Keywords for this query: produced paperwork, methods to create, automata,

The reply will be discovered within the first traces of paragraph no. 3, the place the author says, “Much later, Arab engineers of the ninth and thirteenth centuries wrote detailed treatises on how to build programmable musical fountains, mechanical servants, and elaborate clocks. . . .. . .. .”

Here, wrote detailed treatises = produced paperwork,

methods to construct programmable musical fountains, mechanical servants, and elaborate clocks = methods to create automata,

So, the reply is: B (Arab engineers)

Question 34: created automata which required a human being to function the mechanism  

Keywords for this query: created automata, required, human being, function, mechanism,  

Again, the reply will be present in paragraph no. 5, as traces 4-6 say, “ . .. ..  Maillardet made extensive use of gearing and cogs to produce automata of horses, worked by turning a handle. . . .. ..”

Here, produce automata = created automata, labored by turning a deal with = required a human being to function the mechanism,

So, the reply is: D (Maillardet)

Question 35: used air and water energy  

Keywords for this reply: used, air and water energy,  

In the second paragraph, the author says in traces 1-3, “ . …. In Egypt, Ctesibius experimented with air pressure and pneumatic principles. One of his creations was a singing blackbird powered by water. .. . .. .”

Here, with air stress & powered by water = used air and water energy,

So, the reply is: A (Ctesibius)

Questions 36-40:  Completing sentences with ONE WORD ONLY

In one of these query, candidates are requested to write down most one phrase to finish sentences on the given matter. For one of these query, first, skim the passage to search out the key phrases within the paragraph involved with the reply, after which scan to search out the precise phrase.

[TIPS: Here scanning technique will come in handy. Target the keywords of the questions to find the answers. Remember to focus on Proper nouns, random Capital letters, numbers, special characters of text etc.]

Question 36: The Mechanical Theatre reveals court docket life inside a ________.  

Keywords for this query: The Mechanical Theatre, reveals, court docket life, inside,  

We discover the reference to the Mechanical Theatre in paragraph no. 8, within the first line. Here, in traces 4-5 the author says, “ . . . .. The figures inside a palace depict eighteenth-century court life, . . .. . ..”

So, the reply is: palace

Question 37: In the Mechanical Theatre, constructing staff, butchers and a barber characterize varied _______ of the time.  

Keywords for this query: the Mechanical Theatre, constructing staff, butchers, a barber, characterize, varied, of the time,

Section D talks about using pans for extracting gold.

In paragraph no. 8, check out traces 5-8, “ . . . .. . A total of 141 mobile and 52 immobile little figures demonstrate all manner of trades of the period: building workers bring materials to the foreman, who drinks; butchers slaughter an ox; a barber shaves a man. .. .. ..”

Here, reveal all method of = characterize varied, of the interval = of the time,

So, the reply is: trades    

Question 38: _________ gives the facility that operates the Mechanical Theatre.   

Keywords for this query: gives, the facility, operates, the Mechanical Theatre,

We can’t discover the reply instantly within the passage. However, when you carefully have a look at the ultimate traces of paragraph no. 8, the author says right here, “  . . .. . The theatre shows great skill in clock making and water technology, consisting of hidden waterwheels, copper wiring and cogwheels.”  

Here, hidden waterwheels, copper wiring and cogwheels point out that the theatre was run by water energy.

So, the reply is: water

Question 39: New _______ that developed within the nineteenth century diminished the price of the manufacturing of automata.   

Keywords for this query: new, developed, nineteenth century, diminished, price of the manufacturing, automata,      

In the ultimate paragraph, check out the very first traces, the place the writer of the textual content says, “During the nineteenth century, mass production techniques meant that automata could be made cheaply and easily, . . .. ..”

Here, mass manufacturing methods = new methods that developed,

automata may very well be made cheaply = diminished the price of the manufacturing of automata,

So, the reply is: methods  

Question 40: During the nineteenth century, most automata had been meant to be used by _________.   

Keywords for this query: throughout, nineteenth century, most automata, meant for, use by,

Again, take an in depth have a look at traces 1-3 of the ultimate paragraph, “During the nineteenth century, mass production techniques meant that automata could be made cheaply and easily, and they became toys for children rather than an expensive adult amusement. . .. ..”

Here, they turned toys for = most automata had been meant to be used by,

So, the reply is: youngsters  

Click here for solutions to Cambridge 12 GT Test 5 Reading Section 1

Click here for solutions to Cambridge 12 GT Test 5 Reading Section 2


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